Administration of medicines: Learning outcomes

Last updated: Friday, November 16, 2018

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After completing this tutorial, you will be able to:
  • Outline the types of clinical problem that hospital pharmacists must solve concerning the safe administration of medicines. 
  • Describe the different methods by which injectable medicines are given.
  • Recognise the issues of concern when patients who need medicines cannot receive them by mouth, or cannot swallow tablets and capsules.

You can download a PDF of the whole tutorial (without interactive elements such as the Learning Exercises) and a one-page summary of key points.

You should allow 120 minutes to complete this tutorial, including the Learning Exercises.

Competencies

If you are a hospital trainee pharmacist, this tutorial may help you achieve GPhC learning outcomes such as these:
  • LO 12 Take an all-inclusive approach to ensure the most appropriate course of action based on clinical, legal and professional considerations
  • LO 16 Apply professional judgement in all circumstances, taking legal and ethical reasoning into account
  • LO 27 Take responsibility for the legal, safe and efficient supply, [prescribing] and administration of medicines
  • LO 29 Apply the principles of clinical therapeutics, pharmacology and genomics to make effective use of medicines for people [including in their prescribing practice]
  • LO 30  Appraise the evidence base and apply clinical reasoning and professional judgement to make safe and logical decisions which minimise risk and optimise outcomes for the person

If you are a foundation pharmacist, this tutorial may assist with meeting certain competencies from the RPS framework including:
  • 1.4  Selection of the medicine (medicine-patient interactions).
  • 1.5  Medicine specific issues (selection of formulation and concentration)
  • 1.6  Medicines information and patient education.
  • 3.4  Providing information

Continuing professional development


Finally, here are some CPD activities you could consider:

★  When you next assist a patient who has swallowing difficulties or is nil-by-mouth, write a reflective account of how you intervened and the difference it made to your patient. Were you able to communicate with the patient or their carer?

★  Schedule a time to read your Trust's Administration of Medicines policy, and/or its IV Medicines policy. What did you learn? Do you feel better equipped as a pharmacist as a result of being familiar with these policies?

★  Arrange to shadow your Trust's critical care pharmacist and to observe the different types of IV administration access devices (e.g. peripheral and central lines) and infusion devices (e.g. syringe and volumetric pumps).

 ★  Find out where your Trust's medical equipment library is based - maybe you could visit the department or ask a member of their team to run a teaching session for you and your colleagues.